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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen
Diet drinks more dangerous than sugary drinks
    2017-April-27  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

    Adults who have at least one diet drink a day are three times more at risk from a stroke or dementia, research shows lately.

    Scientists say they should no longer be regarded as the healthier alternative and urge the public to stick to water or milk.

    Their study of almost 4,400 adults also suggests diet drinks are more likely to cause strokes and dementia than those full of sugar.

    There was no link between sugary beverages and either of the illnesses — although the researchers aren’t encouraging us to drink them either.

    The team of scientists from Boston University believe the artificial sweeteners including aspartame and saccharine may be affecting the blood vessels, eventually triggering strokes and dementia. Diet drinks account for a quarter of the sweetened beverages market but there is growing evidence they are not as healthy as previously thought.

    A major review in January by Imperial College London researchers found they were no better at aiding weight loss than full sugar drinks.

    In fact the authors suggested they were encouraging obesity by triggering the sugar receptors in the brain, making us crave sweet food.

    In this latest study — published in the American Heart Association’s journal Stroke — researchers looked at 4,372 adults over the age of 45.

    They had filled in detailed questionnaires on their food and drink intake in the 1990s and were then tracked for 10 years.

    The results showed that adults who had one or more diet drink a day were 2.9 times more likely to develop dementia and three times more at risk of strokes compared to those who virtually had none at all. Matthew Pase, senior fellow in the department of neurology at Boston University School of Medicine, said, “Our study shows a need to put more research into this area given how often people drink artificially sweetened beverages.

    “Although we did not find an association between stroke or dementia and the consumption of sugary drinks, this certainly does not mean they are a healthy option. We recommend that people drink water on a regular basis instead of sugary or artificially sweetened beverages.”

最近的研究显示,每天摄入1瓶以上无糖饮料的成年人中风或患痴呆症的风险要增加3倍。

科学家们表示,无糖饮料不应该再被视为更加健康的选择,并呼吁公众坚持喝水或牛奶。

他们对约4400名成年人进行了研究,结果表明,无糖饮料比全糖饮料更容易导致中风和痴呆症。含糖饮料和这两种疾病之间并无关联,不过,研究人员也不鼓励人们喝含糖饮料。

来自波士顿大学的科学家团队认为,阿斯巴甜、糖精等人工甜味剂可能会对血管产生影响,最终引发中风和痴呆。

市面上1/4的甜味饮料是无糖饮料,但是越来越多的证据表明,它们并不像人们以前认为的那样健康。

1月份,伦敦帝国理工学院的研究人员在对主要研究进行回顾总结时发现,与全脂饮料相比,无糖饮料在减肥方面并没有更好的效果。

研究人员认为,事实上,无糖饮料会刺激我们大脑中的糖分接受区域,让我们更渴望甜食,从而导致肥胖。这项最新的研究报告发表在美国心脏协会杂志《中风》上,研究人员调查了4372名45岁以上的成年人。

他们填写了详细的调查问卷,内容包括他们从上世纪90年代以来十年间的饮食摄入情况。结果表明,那些每天摄入1瓶以上无糖饮料的成年人患痴呆症的几率比几乎没有摄入无糖饮料的人要高出2.9倍,而中风的风险要高出3倍。

波士顿大学医学院神经病学系高级研究员马修•佩斯说:“我们的研究表明,考虑到人们摄入人工增甜的无糖饮料的频率,我们需要在该领域进行更多研究。

“尽管我们没有发现中风或痴呆症与摄入含糖饮料之间的关联,但是这并不意味着它就是一种健康的选择。”

“我们建议人们定时喝水,而不是喝含糖或人工增甜的无糖饮料。”

(Chinadaily.com.cn)

Words to Learn 相关词汇

【痴呆症】chīdāi zhèng dementia severe impairment or loss of intellectual capacity and personality integration, due to the loss of or damage to neurons in the brain

【渴求】kěqíu crave long for, want greatly, desire eagerly

 

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