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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Business
Migrant labor report finds an aging work force
    2017-May-9  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

A TYPICAL Chinese migrant worker is now less likely to be a teenager trekking across the country for a factory job in a southern boom town.

Instead, as China’s economy matures, its migrant work force is also aging, staying closer to home, and increasingly working in stores and restaurants rather than on assembly lines.

These are some of the conclusions from an annual report on migrant workers recently published by the National Bureau of Statistics.

The number of migrant worker who left the farmland they’re registered for to work in urban areas stood at 281 million in 2016, up 1.5 percent year on year. The growth is slower than in previous years.

With the general working-age population declining, lower mobility by rural residents could boost wage gains, posing a competitiveness challenge.

Still, the labor force is better equipped. More held college degrees or above than 2015 — more than 9 percent — and the age profile is shifting with almost a fifth now being over 50.

And if there are fewer stories of teenagers from less developed central regions traveling to a Shenzhen factory job, that’s actually government policy.

Confirming this trend, even though there can be a huge gap between rural and urban wages, countryside pay is growing at a faster pace.

While 52.9 percent of migrant workers had jobs in manufacturing and construction sectors, the usual destinations for most of them a decade ago, more are being employed in services: 46.7 percent had jobs in the tertiary sector, led by wholesale, retail, residential services, hotel and catering. That’s up from 44.5 percent in the previous year.

Services accounted for 56.5 percent of China’s economy in the first quarter. Technology, commercial services, real estate, transportation, and lodging and catering all expanded faster than the economy’s 6.9 growth rate.

(SD-Agencies)

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