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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen
Grenada
    2017-July-4  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

James Baquet

Even a cursory glance at the islands of the Caribbean will reveal that, with the Florida peninsula and the mainlands of North, Central and South America, they form a ring that encompasses the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. (These two bodies of water, by the way, form what is sometimes called the “American Mediterranean Sea,” in honor of its counterpart lying between Europe and Africa.)

One of the southernmost beads on this string of islands, off the coast of Venezuela, is Grenada, a country whose significance far outstrips its size. The country itself actually includes numerous much smaller islands constituting the southern end of the “Grenadines.” One of them is less than 0.3 square kilometers in area!

But the island of Grenada, after which the chain is named, is more respectable in size: nearly 348.5 square kilometers, or a little larger than Shenzhen’s Luohu, Futian and Nanshan districts put together (342.9 sq km). The capital, St. George’s, is located there.

First sighted by Christopher Columbus on his third voyage (1498), the island seems never to have been settled by Spain. The French overcame resistance from the local Island Caribs (an indigenous group) and colonized it in 1650. In 1763 it was ceded to the British, and remained in their hands more or less until 1967, when they were granted autonomy. In 1974 they gained full independence. Thus, the main language is English, though both a French and an English-based Creole are recognized.

Thereafter there were a couple of coups d’etat, and in 1983 the United States stepped in — many believe wrongly — and brought a sort of stability to the area. Elections were held the next year; the democratic government then formed has remained intact since.

In September 2004, 90 percent of the island’s homes were damaged or destroyed by a hurricane; another struck the already devastated island in July 2005.

As one would suspect from its history, the country is largely Christian, though around 1 percent are Rastafarians, following a religion developed among Jamaicans in the 1930s.

Vocabulary:

Which word above means:

1. something that fills the same function as something else;

2. self-governance;

3. like a typhoon, but in the Atlantic Ocean or eastern Pacific;

4. destroyed; laid waste (to);

5. forceful overthrows of a government;

6. surpasses; exceeds;

7. body of land surround by water on three sides;

8. superficial; hasty;

9. encircles; surrounds;

10. gave away

 

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