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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen
Moldova
    2017-July-6  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

James Baquet

It would come as no surprise if you had never heard of Moldova. Its large service economy is the poorest in Europe per capita, and it is Europe’s least-popular tourist destination, with only 11,000 visitors annually.

Moldova is a landlocked country lying to the northwest of the Black Sea. It is surrounded on three sides by Ukraine, with Romania — of which it was once a part — situated to its west.

The current government has been independent only since 1991. Called “the Principality of Moldavia” from the 14th century until 1812, it was then ceded to the Russian Empire by the Ottoman Empire, and became known as Bessarabia. In 1859, with Wallachia, it was formed into Romania, but in 1878 it again fell under Russian rule. For many years it was considered part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, then as the Moldavian SSR, until its independence.

Today, it is a parliamentary republic with a president and a prime minister. It belongs to numerous international organizations, including the U.N. and the WTO. The official language is Romanian, and over 93 percent of the people are Orthodox Christians.

About that tourism: Those 11,000 or so a year who make the effort to visit Moldova will find several things worth noting. First is that — as one might expect — it’s cheap.

Next is a list of unusual attractions. Moldova boasts the world’s largest wine cellar with nearly two million bottles. (It also has the world’s second-highest alcohol consumption, after Belarus.) Its most important historical site is an open-air monastery complex in which some of the buildings predate Christianity. The country is also a great destination for birdwatchers.

Another oddity is the town of Soroca, nicknamed “Gypsy Hill,” whose wealthy residents have built homes that resemble world landmarks, including St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome, the U.S. Capitol Building and the Bolshoi Theater in Moscow. And the capital city, Chisinau, has a manmade beach on its lake.

A blend of Latinate (Romanian) and Slavic (Russian) culture, Moldova’s rich culture may have more to offer than mere “tourism.”

Vocabulary:

Which word above means:

1. place where monks live;

2. outdoor; not enclosed;

3. approximately;

4. something to remember;

5. eating or drinking of something;

6. the third “sector,” after raw materials and manufacturing;

7. located;

8. state ruled by a prince;

9. nothing more than;

10. group of buildings

 

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