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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen
Sudan: ‘Victory is Ours’
    2017-July-11  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

James Baquet

The Republic of the Sudan is located in Northern Africa, and is that continent’s third largest country (and the 15th largest in the world). It is surrounded by Egypt (north); the Red Sea, Eritrea, and Ethiopia (east); its recently (2011) separated southern territory, now the Republic of South Sudan (south); the Central African Republic (southwest); Chad (west); and Libya (northwest). Before that 2011 split, Sudan was both Africa’s and the Muslim world’s largest country.

The country is named for a geographic region called “The Sudan,” which stretches south of the Sahara all the way from western to eastern central Africa. “Sudan” itself means “the lands of the Blacks” in Arabic.

Sudan is split into eastern and western halves by the Nile River, which is key to its history and traditional economy. For the area of modern Sudan was once home to numerous ancient kingdoms. Kush, Nubia, Meroe: the names evoke a rich and storied past, lying as they did upriver from lower Egypt. They, too, had pharaohs and pyramids (more surviving in modern Sudan than in Egypt!), as well as interaction with the broader ancient world.

Sudan was Christianized by the sixth century; it became Islamic in the 15th, and remains so today. Thus, Arabic (along with English) is the official language.

The modern capital of Khartoum itself has a quite a history. It was founded only in 1821 (when the notion of a country called “Sudan” also arose) by the son of Egypt’s ruler, as that country had just absorbed the Sudan. Once an outpost for the Egyptian Army, it grew into a trade center — including, unfortunately, the slave trade. It suffered through a siege in 1884, when a Muslim holy man attacked a garrison led by the British general known as “Chinese Gordon” (for his assistance in putting down the Taiping Rebellion). After he and his troops were slaughtered, he became known simply as “Gordon of Khartoum.”

Modern Sudan is a republic dating only to 1956, with both a president and a prime minister. Its legal system is based on Islamic law, and its economy largely on oil production.

Vocabulary:

Which word above means:

1. bring up, as memories

2. toward the source, against the stream

3. distant station or fort

4. body of troops in a fort

5. Egyptian-style kings

6. celebrated in history

7. world’s largest desert

8. killed brutally

9. long-term attack on a fort

10. became a part of

 

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