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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen
Experience Haiti
    2017-August-1  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

James Baquet

Like other Caribbean countries, Haiti is part of Central America. It occupies the western three-eighths of the island of Hispaniola; the Dominican Republic fills the remainder. Hispaniola lies in the Greater Antilles archipelago, along with Cuba and Jamaica (northwest and southwest, respectively), Puerto Rico (east), and others.

Its 10.6 million people make it the second-most populous country in the Caribbean (after Cuba).

Originally inhabited by a native group known as the Taino, Hispaniola was visited by Columbus on his first voyage to the “New World.” After one of his ships ran aground on Christmas Day, he established the settlement of La Navidad (Spanish for “Christmas”) in what is now Haiti; it was the first European settlement founded by the Spanish in the Americas.

Remaining under Spanish control until the 17th century, the area that is now Haiti was ceded to the French, who grew sugar cane in Saint-Domingue. After the French revolution (in which the island people participated), this became the sovereign nation of Haiti (a Taino word meaning “land of high mountains”) in 1804.

After ousting the United Kingdom, who tried to take over from France, Haiti was the first Latin American country to become free of European domination, and only the second republic in the Americas (after the United States). It is also the only nation in the western hemisphere to have defeated three of the European superpowers — France, Spain and the United Kingdom — and is the only nation in the world established as the result of a successful slave revolt.

Today’s Haitians speak French and Haitian Creole, a French-based language influenced by Portuguese, Spanish, English, Taino and West African languages.

Haiti was a prime destination for tourists during the 1970s, usually as part of package tours with the Bahamas. The capital of Port-au-Prince is still a landing place for cruise ships, but political upheaval and natural disasters have taken their toll. Tourist dollars are still a welcome boost to the economy, however, and there are modern hotels and a yearly carnival to attract visitors.

Vocabulary:

Which word above means:

1. armed uprising

2. instability in government

3. country that is self-ruling

4. “crashed” on the shore

5. extremely powerful country

6. assistance; act of raising

7. hurricanes, earthquakes, etc.

8. kicking out

9. a late-winter celebration before the start of Lent

10. popular place to go

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