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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen
Maldives, the sunny side of life
    2017-August-7  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

James Baquet

The Maldives is yet another island chain, this one in the South Asian sphere. Located in the Indian Ocean, southwest of India and Sri Lanka, it participates historically and culturally in the life of those two countries. Its language is closely connected to theirs. The capital and most populous city, Male, is found on the most central of the 26 atolls (dotted with around 1,190 islands) that make up Asia’s smallest country by both land area and population. It is also one of the world’s most geographically dispersed countries, with approximately 300 square kilometers of land area flung across some 90,000 square kilometers of ocean.

On average, the Maldives is situated only 1.5 meters above sea level, making it also the world’s lowest country. Even its highest natural point — an unnamed location on Vilingili Island just 2 meters high — is the world’s lowest highest point! Obviously, the threat of rising sea levels is taken very seriously in this very flat country.

Connections to the Indian subcontinent date back around 2,500 years. It has been Islamized since the 12th century, and after increasing influence from the world’s colonial powers from the 16th century on, became a British protectorate in 1887. In 1965 it became independent, but political stability remains elusive.

With Sri Lanka, it is one of two South Asian countries with a high rating on the Human Development Index (a statistic composed of life expectancy, education, and per capita income), thanks partially to having the highest per capita income among the eight members of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, which together comprise 21 percent of the world’s population. While fishing has been the dominant economic activity historically, and is still by far the largest sector, the country also has a robust tourism industry.

As for tourism, the “Visit Maldives” site says it best: “Welcome to the Maldives, where sands are white as the smiles of the locals, where fishes swim happily in the warm waters of the Indian Ocean, where the weather is a dream, and the deep rays of the sun wait to engulf you in their arms.”

Vocabulary:

Which word above means:

1. surround, swallow up

2. people who live in a place

3. spread out

4. rare, hard to obtain

5. energetic; strong

6. not given a name, anonymous

7. beams of light

8. large division of a continent, commonly used with “the” to describe India

9. converted to the Muslim faith

10. thrown, strewn

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