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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen
Beautiful Samoa
    2017-August-10  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

James Baquet

Many of us first became aware of Samoa through the ground-breaking work of anthropologist Margaret Mead, whose 1928 study of Samoan adolescents, “Coming of Age in Samoa,” is still causing a stir today.

In some ways the book has skewed the Western view of the island nation, which, rather than being a subject of study, is instead a modern unitary parliamentary democracy with an agriculture- and fishing-based economy, where tourism makes up 25 percent of the GDP.

Settled by a prehistoric sea-questing people called the Lapita, the main islands of modern Samoa are Upolu — where about three quarters of the population live — and Savai’i. Smaller islands lie around these two. The entire group was once called “Western Samoa,” and should not be confused with American Samoa, which lies to the southeast.

Both Samoas are to be found about halfway between Hawaii and New Zealand, lying south of the equator. The nearest sizable island is Fiji, to the southwest — and it’s not very big, either.

The people of Samoa speak Samoan (a Polynesian language) and English, as do those on American Samoa. The islands’ first contact with Europeans involved the Dutch and the French in the 18th century. The first substantial, continuous contact came with English missionaries and traders in the 1830s. The Germans and Americans also staked claims; these two plus the British supported factions of an eight-year civil war from 1886 to 1894.

A second Civil War ended in 1898, when the United States took what is now American Samoa, and Germany retained modern Samoa. The British were ceded other territories. The Germans held the western island group from 1900 to 1914. In that latter year, at the outbreak of World War I, New Zealand grabbed the group on behalf of Britain, and “German Samoa” became “Western Samoa” right on through independence in 1962, until the 1997 name change to simply Samoa.

Vocabulary:

Which word above means:

1. teenagers, young people between childhood and adulthood

2. creating a disturbance, being talked about

3. in the name of, representing

4. solid, not temporary or minor

5. asserted authority (over)

6. from the easternmost group of Pacific Islands, occupying a rough triangle defined by Hawaii in the north, New Zealand in the south, and Easter Island in the east

7. growing up; becoming adult

8. pioneering, doing something new

9. beginning, onset

10. before recorded documents

 

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