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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen
There’s no place like Australia
    2017-August-24  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

James Baquet

Australia is unusual in being both one of the world’s seven continents and a country that occupies the entirety of that continent (plus nearby Tasmania and several other islands). It is the sixth-largest country in the world behind Russia, Canada, China, the United States and Brazil. It is also Oceania’s largest country, and lies south of Papua New Guinea and Indonesia, southwest of the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu, and northwest of New Zealand.

Canberra, Australia’s capital, is — like Brasilia and Washington D.C. — a city planned specifically to be a capital, a compromise to appease the rival cities of Sydney and Melbourne, Australia’s largest and second-largest respectively.

Roughly 50,000 years ago, Australia was first settled by aboriginal peoples who spoke roughly 250 languages. After contact with the Dutch in 1606, the eastern half of the continent was claimed by the British in 1770 and used as a penal colony. In 1901 a commonwealth was formed comprising the whole of the continent, which remains part of the British Commonwealth today. After British and American English, Southern Hemisphere English constitutes a third major dialect of the language.

In addition to its kangaroos, koalas and other marsupials, several other fun facts make Australia unique. It is the second least-densely populated continent (after Antarctica). It has the world’s longest national highway (suitably named “Highway 1”) which stretches over 14,500 kilometers. The world’s largest cattle ranch, Anna Creek Station, is larger than Israel. Back to the wildlife, Australia is home to the world’s 10 deadliest snakes, in addition to jellyfish, sharks, crocodiles and other potentially fatal fauna.

The good news is, with the world’s 13th-largest economy, ninth-highest per capita income, and — after Norway — second-highest human development index (which involves factors like life expectancy and education), the quality of life for the Antipodeans is extremely high. Perhaps this is why immigrants make up over a quarter of Australia’s population.

Vocabulary:

Which word above means:

1. animals who raise their babies in a pouch

2. animals in a region

3. people who live in the southern hemisphere

4. making up, constituting

5. opposed, competing

6. agreement made to settle competing claims

7. the “bottom half” of the world

8. soothe, pacify

9. variety of a language

10. able to kill

 

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