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szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen
Antigua and Barbuda: The beach is just the beginning
    2017-August-29  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

James Baquet

The nation of Antigua and Barbuda is named for its two main islands, though the country actually includes many more islands, mostly uninhabited.

Lying in the Caribbean Sea on the edge of the open Atlantic Ocean, the country is located in the Leeward Islands, which form part of the archipelago called the Lesser Antilles. The capital and largest port is Saint John’s, on the island of Antigua. Barbuda is just a few nautical miles to the north.

The main islands share a common history — visits by Columbus, plantations manned by slaves, membership in the British Commonwealth, and finally, independence.

The country all told has a population of around 82,000.

Let’s take a closer look at those names. “Antigua” may resemble a word with which you are more familiar, “antique.” Some scholars believe that Columbus bestowed the name on that island. It seems that in the 16th century, the cathedral located in Seville, Spain, was rebuilt. One wall of the old cathedral remained, and that wall featured an image of Virgin Mary. The image was called Santa Maria de la Antigua, “Saint Mary of the old cathedral.” This is the source of the name given by Columbus.

“Barbuda” is also interesting. Its denotation is “bearded,” but whether this is from the appearance of the island’s fig trees (which have aerial roots), or from the beard of the native people, is not certain. The small town of Codrington (population around 1,600) on the island is named after its first British owners, Christopher and John Codrington, who leased the island in 1685.

Due to their long legacy of British landowners and membership in the British Commonwealth, the language of Antigua and Barbuda is English. The government is a parliamentary democracy recognizing Queen Elizabeth II of England as its monarch. This may seem confusing: Although the country became independent from the United Kingdom in 1981, there is still a governor general appointed by the Queen, as well as a prime minister as head of an elected party. The prime minister is considered the head of government.

Vocabulary:

Which word above means:

1. on the side away from the wind

2. in the air

3. main church for a particular area

4. supplied with workers

5. the mother of Jesus

6. direct, literal meaning

7. something handed down from the past

8. look like

9. devoid of people, empty

10. of or related to the sea

 

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