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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen
Romania: Explore the Carpathian Garden
    2017-August-31  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

James Baquet

Romania is located in southeastern Europe. The Black Sea and Moldova lie to the east; Ukraine to the north; Hungary to the northwest; Serbia to the southwest; and Bulgaria to the south. The famous “beautiful Blue Danube” starts in Germany and flows though 10 countries before reaching the Danube Delta in northeastern Romania.

Bucharest, the capital and largest city is the cultural, industrial, and financial center of the country. First mentioned in 1459, it didn’t become Romania’s capital until 1862. Between the First and Second World Wars, its sophistication earned it the nickname “Little Paris.” Though heavily impacted since, the city is now booming, to the point that its historical structures have been listed as “endangered” by an international organization dedicated to preserving historic architecture and cultural heritage sites around the world.

The Carpathian Mountains in the northern part of the country are home to a large concentration of wildlife, such as brown bears, wolves and lynxes. The mountains also contain many species of plants; springs of thermal and mineral waters; and Europe’s second-largest area of virgin forests (after Russia). In fact, the southern Carpathians make up Europe’s largest unfragmented forested area.

The modern state of Romania was formed in 1859 out of the Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia. It gained independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1877. Three more states — Bukovina, Bessarabia and the fabled Transylvania (supposed home of vampires) — joined Romania after World War I. The country fought with Nazi Germany against Russia until 1944, when it sided with the Allies. After that war it became a socialist republic until 1989.

Today its economy is based mainly on services, and it produces machines and electric energy. It has been in NATO since 2004, and the European Union since 2007. Most of its citizens are Eastern Orthodox Christians, and speak Romanian, a language derived from Latin (like Italian, Spanish and French).

Vocabulary:

Which word above means:

1. triangular area at a river’s mouth

2. smallish wildcats

3. the 26 nations that fought against the Nazis and Japan in World War II

4. areas where trees have never been cut

5. in one piece, whole

6. legendary creatures who suck people’s blood

7. not safe, at risk

8. high culture; fashion

9. growing quickly

10. a lot of something in one place

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