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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen
Beautiful Burundi
    2017-September-5  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

James Baquet

Burundi is one of Africa’s smallest countries. It is bordered on the north by equally tiny Rwanda, and the giants Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west. Lake Tanganyika, one of Africa’s so-called “Great Lakes,” forms the southwestern border.

Like most African countries, Burundi has experienced its share of colonial domination. After 200 years of independence, it was taken over by Germany at the beginning of the 20th century, but was ceded to Belgium after the WWI. It was governed jointly by those two powers in a joint colony with Rwanda (then Ruanda) until 1962, when it gained its independence.

After considerable unrest under a monarchy, it became a republic with a one-party government in 1966. Civil wars and genocide followed, resulting in the country having one of the world’s poorest populations. After further reforming of the government, Burundi became a multi-party state.

Poverty and political problems have led to Burundi being tagged as the second-least happy nation in the world (after the Central African Republic).

Only 13 percent of Burundi’s people live in urbanized areas, leaving the country overwhelmingly rural, despite its relatively high population density. French and Kirundi are the official languages, though some speak the not-too-distantly related Swahili, a lingua franca for the Great Lakes region.

Some hold that a small river rising in Burundi and flowing into Lake Victoria is the true source of the Nile. While it is certainly the great river’s southernmost tributary, most discount the rivers feeding into the lake and simply consider the lake itself to be the source of the world’s longest river.

The capital city, Bujumbura, has a large market, both a mosque and a cathedral, and the national stadium, where soccer, the national sport, is played. Incidentally, 5,000-meter runner Venuste Niyongabo won the country its first Olympic gold medal in 1996, making Burundi the poorest country ever to take home the gold.

Vocabulary:

Which word above means:

1. smaller stream or river flowing onto a larger body of water

2. disregard, pay no attention to

3. place of worship for Muslims

4. labeled, named

5. believe, consider, claim

6. language used in common, often for business

7. compared to other things

8. extermination of a particular ethnic or cultural group

9. to a great extent, insurmountably

10. confusion, disturbance

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