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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen
Made in Italy
    2017-September-14  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

James Baquet

How can one capture in a few words the country that ranks fifth in the number of tourists received every year (after France, the United States, Spain and China)? The country that has more World Heritage Sites than any other in the world?

Along the land border of boot-shaped Italy lie France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia (traveling west to east). The remainder is surrounded by one part or another of the Mediterranean, including the Tyrrhenian, the Ionian and the Adriatic. It also encompasses the tiny countries of San Marino and Vatican City.

The history of Italy is in many ways that of Europe itself. After the earliest days came “the grandeur that was Rome” (Poe’s phrase). The waning of the Roman Empire left a more cohesive Europe in its wake; the Roman legacy can still be seen today.

When the Middle Ages had passed, the Renaissance began in Italy, bringing scientific and artistic advances by such names as Galileo and Michelangelo, as well as explorations by Marco Polo, Christopher Columbus and Amerigo Vespucci (America’s namesake).

But once the New World was opened, other countries began to dominate European affairs, while the Italian city-states fell into conflicts that left the peninsula moribund, and subject to partition by other powers like France, Spain and Austria.

In the middle of the 19th century, moves toward Italian nationalism and independence were made, and the country was unified in 1861. In the 20th century, despite two World Wars, industrialization and entry into the European Union have brought Italy the eighth-largest GDP in the world, and made it a world leader in arts, fashion and design.

Still, what attracts tourists is the past. The Colosseum, the Roman Forum, the Pantheon in Rome, and St. Peter’s in the Vatican; the leaning Tower of Pisa; the dome of the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore and Michelangelo’s “David” in Florence; the canals with the Rialto Bridge and St. Mark’s Square in Venice; Leonardo’s “Last Supper” in Milan; and the ruins of Pompeii — these all contribute to Italy’s popularity as a tourist destination.

Vocabulary:

Which word above means:

1. decreasing, fading out

2. something handed down from the past

3. improvements, steps in progress

4. what something is named after, also, something named after something else

5. surrounds, includes

6. stagnant, not progressing

7. holding together

8. impressiveness

9. separation, breaking into parts

10. as a result, behind it

 

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