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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen
All you need is Ecuador
    2017-September-18  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

James Baquet

Some countries are easier to find than others, bearing hints within their names. This is the case with Ecuador, whose name is Spanish for “equator.” Colombia is on its north; Peru encompasses the east and south; and the Pacific Ocean — which also contains one of the country’s most famous features, the Galapagos Islands — lies to the west.

Those islands are about 1,000 kilometers away from the mainland, and their claim to fame, of course, is the 1835 visit by Charles Darwin, when he made observations that led to the development of his thoughts on natural selection, resulting in the 1859 publication of “The Origin of Species.”

At the time of his visit, the islands had only recently been annexed by Ecuador; they had hitherto been a sort of stopping point for whalers. Meanwhile, on the mainland, Ecuador was in the throes of independence, having separated from the temporary alliance known as “Gran Colombia” in 1830. Prior to this, its indigenous population had been dominated by the Incan Empire since the 15th century, and then conquered by the Spanish in the 16th. The impress of both empires can still be seen today in the ethnically diverse population: Most of the people are mestizos, along with a small number of people of European, pure Amerindian and African descent.

The people speak Spanish as well as 13 native languages, including Quichua — the language of the Incas. Since elections in 1979, the country has been a representative democratic republic, with the capital in Quito (the historical center of which was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1978), though Guayaquil is the largest city, home to 2.69 million of the country’s population of 16,144,000. Ecuador’s third-largest city, Cuenca, was also declared a World Heritage Site in 1999 for how it exemplifies Spanish colonial city planning.

Since the completion of a pipeline in 1972, Ecuador has been one of South America’s largest exporters of oil. Agricultural products are also an important source of the country’s economy. It is one of the world’s 17 “megadiverse” countries, harboring the majority of Earth’s species.

Vocabulary:

Which word above means:

1. people of mixed native and (usually) Spanish descent

2. giving a home to

3. the zero degree line of latitude

4. reason for being well-known

5. men and ships that hunt whales

6. serves as an example of

7. struggles, pains

8. Native American

9. until then

10. “choice” of best-adapted species

 

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