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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen
Zambia: Let’s explore
    2017-September-19  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

James Baquet

Zambia is a South African country surrounded by (clockwise, from the north) the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia and Angola. It is one of the many countries which have changed names since I was a boy, having been known as “Northern Rhodesia,” a vestige of the influence of the British imperialist Cecil Rhodes (after whom the “Rhodes Scholarship” is still named).

The country is officially Christian, though there is a wide variety of forms. While English is the official language, there are 73 local languages in use as well. Urbanization has caused transformation of many of these languages, so that urban dialects may differ greatly from the rural or “deep” forms of the languages.

Like virtually all countries in the region, Zambia’s history has been influenced by the activities of the Europeans in South Africa proper, including the mining operations of Rhodes’s British South Africa Company (which was a de facto administrator of the area, as it advised all government-appointed officials). But there were other events, too, that may resonate with readers.

For example, in 1855, the Scottish missionary and explorer David Livingstone was the first European to gaze on the waterfalls on the Zambezi River which he named “Victoria Falls” after the then-reigning Queen of England. He was also, notably, an anti-slavery crusader. The falls are locally called “Mosi-o-Tunya,” meaning “the smoke that thunders” — a reference to their appearance and sound. Though neither the world’s highest nor widest waterfall, it features the world’s largest sheet of falling water.

The Zambezi River, by the way, forms the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe, and gives Zambia its name. Another important body of water is Lake Kariba, which was the largest man-made lake in Africa until 1971, when the Aswan Dam was built in Egypt. Visitors to the center of Lake Kariba have been deceived into thinking they are on the ocean. But as a landlocked country, Zambia is around 960 kilometers from the nearest seashore.

Vocabulary:

Which word above means:

1. evidence of something no longer fully present

2. moving around to the right from the top

3. produce a positive response

4. in reality

5. one who promotes an empire

6. one who works tirelessly for a cause

7. stare at in wonder

8. worthy of noticing

9. in the strictest sense

10. displays

 

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