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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen
Nauru: world’s least-visited country
    2017-September-21  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

James Baquet

The Republic of Nauru is located on a tiny island northeast of Australia and nearly due east from Papua New Guinea in Micronesia (a word which itself means “tiny islands”). It occupies only 21 square kilometers, making it the world’s third-smallest country, after Vatican City and Monaco.

It was settled by Micronesians and Poylnesians around 3,000 years ago. Today, a little over 10,000 Nauruans live on the island, which was named “Pleasant Island” by British sea captain John Fearn. He was a whale hunter who, in 1798, was the first Westerner to visit there. Subsequently, it was primarily a supply stop for whaling ships and traders, where they could acquire (among other necessities) fresh water. Now, with under 200 tourists a year, it is the world’s least-visited country.

The German Empire claimed it as a colony in the late 19th century. It was to be administered by Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom after the First World War, though in practice the task fell largely to Australia. Occupied by the Japanese during World War II, Nauru was again a trusteeship under similar circumstances as the first time, until 1968, when it became independent.

Phosphate resources gave the people of Nauru the highest per-capita income in the world in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Once those resources were exhausted (and the environment severely affected by the mining of them), the economy suffered serious decline. Tourism is almost nil. Today, an Australian-funded detention center for refugees is a prime source of income — indeed, to the point where some sources hold that Nauru is a client state of Australia rather than an independent sovereign nation.

This policy, developed only in this century, has been controversial. Called the “Pacific Solution,” it allows Australia to place asylum seekers — from Iraq, Syria, Somalia, Sudan, Afghanistan and other countries — on various islands rather than let them onto the Australian mainland. Similar facilities exist on Papua New Guinea and Christmas Island, among other islands.

Vocabulary:

Which word above means:

1. a country dependent on a larger one for its welfare

2. after that

3. administrative control of an area

4. used up

5. things that are needed

6. safe place, sanctuary

7. place where people are kept, sometimes, prison

8. directly, exactly

9. one who flees for safety

10. zero, nothing

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