-
Advertorial
-
FOCUS
-
Guide
-
Lifestyle
-
Tech and Vogue
-
TechandScience
-
CHTF Special
-
Nanhan
-
Futian Today
-
Hit Bravo
-
Special Report
-
Junior Journalist Program
-
World Economy
-
Opinion
-
Diversions
-
Hotels
-
Movies
-
People
-
Person of the week
-
Weekend
-
Photo Highlights
-
Currency Focus
-
Kaleidoscope
-
Tech and Science
-
News Picks
-
Yes Teens
-
Fun
-
Budding Writers
-
Campus
-
Glamour
-
News
-
Digital Paper
-
Food drink
-
Majors_Forum
-
Speak Shenzhen
-
Business_Markets
-
Shopping
-
Travel
-
Restaurants
-
Hotels
-
Investment
-
Yearend Review
-
In depth
-
Leisure Highlights
-
Sports
-
World
-
QINGDAO TODAY
-
Entertainment
-
Business
-
Markets
-
Culture
-
China
-
Shenzhen
-
Important news
在线翻译:
szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen
Georgia: for the best moments of your life
    2017-September-25  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

James Baquet

THE former Soviet Socialist Republic (SSR) known as Georgia can perplex some Americans, as there is also a state by that name in the southern part of the United States. But the names have different origins: the U.S. state was named for a king of England, but the country’s name is probably from “gurgan,” a Persian word possibly meaning “land of the wolves.”

Georgia is located in the Caucasus, a region of Eurasia from which we get the word “Caucasian” to described the so-called “white race” of humans. It sits at the crossroads of West Asia and East Europe, with Russia to the north, Azerbaijan to the southeast, Turkey and Armenia to the south, and the Black Sea to the west. Tbilisi, the capital and largest city, holds about a third of the country’s estimated 3.72 million people.

In the classical period, a number of independent kingdoms in the area unified to become what is now Georgia, and adopted Christianity in the fourth century (the Georgian Orthodox Church is still followed by the majority of the people). After the peak of its power around the 12th and early 13th centuries, the country began to decline, and came under the control of the Mongols, the Ottoman Empire and Iran. After being annexed by the Russian Empire in the 18th century, Georgia briefly claimed independence in 1917, after the Russian Revolution, but was invaded by Soviet Russia in 1921 and became the Georgian SSR. Independence came again in 1991, and Georgia is now a unitary, semi-presidential republic. Its increasing Western ties brought it into conflict with Russia.

The people speak Georgian. Azerbaijanis and Armenians make up over 10 percent of the population, which also includes a small number of others: Russians, Kurds, Ukrainians, and so on.

As a crossroads country, Georgia has long been involved in trade with other lands. Mineral ores and local wines were traditional products. Today, hydropower, agriculture and tourism are significant sectors due to the favorable climate. Tourists can enjoy over 2,000 mineral springs, 12,000 historical and cultural monuments (four of them UNESCO World Heritage Sites) and 103 resorts.

Vocabulary:

Which word above means:

1. came together as one

2. lose its power

3. generated by water

4. places to relax

5. eastern church

6. confuse

7. minerals in raw form

8. having only one party

9. more than 50 percent

10. Greek and Roman times

 

深圳报业集团版权所有, 未经授权禁止复制; Copyright 2010, All Rights Reserved.
Shenzhen Daily E-mail:szdaily@szszd.com.cn