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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen
Facts that will make you say ‘amazing’
    2017-October-9  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

While watching a lot of TV can cause eye fatigue and potentially harm your vision, sitting too close doesn’t make much of a difference. However, this myth was true back before the 1950s, when companies made televisions that emitted dangerous levels of radiation, up to 100,000 times more than what is deemed safe.

Listening to your mother’s advice, you would think that carrots enable some kind of supernatural power of vision. The truth is that carrots do contain beta carotene, which helps your body produce vitamin A, which does nourish your eyes. But there are plenty of other foods that also contain beta carotene, and vitamin A only helps keep your eyes healthy, not make them superhuman.

A wildlife biologist by the name of L. David Mech published a book based on his observations of wolves in the wild. In it, he mentioned that he noticed “alpha wolves” leading small packs, and the popularity of the book made the term a common one. However, what Mech observed was actually just wolf parents and their grown cubs, so the concept of an “alpha wolf” as we know it is almost entirely wrong. Mech has tried to take his book out of print, and even wrote a paper correcting it.

Many people think that doing sit-ups will help burn stomach fat, but in reality it only strengthens your abdominal muscles. In order to burn fat, you have to do exercise and maintain a healthy diet. There’s no way to specifically target belly fat before other areas of your body.

The forbidden fruit in the story of Adam and Eve in the Bible is never mentioned to be an apple. The Book of Genesis mentions that the fruit came from a tree, but it doesn’t say what kind of fruit, or what kind of tree. Apples started being associated with the story around the 12th century, possibly because of a Latin pun wherein the word “malus” means both “apple” and “evil.”

The myth about lemmings committing suicide by running off cliffs came about from the 1950s nature documentary “White Wilderness,” produced by Disney. The filmmakers faked the scene in question and allegedly actually threw lemmings off a cliff in order to make it seem like they were willfully committing suicide.

Words to Learn 相关词汇

【滋养】zīyǎng nourish provide with food or other substances necessary for life and growth

【旅鼠】lǚshǔ lemming any of various small short-tailed furry-footed rodents of circumpolar distribution that are notable for population fluctuations and recurrent mass migrations

虽然整天看电视确实会导致眼疲劳并且可能损伤视力,但坐得离电视近一点并不会对眼睛危害更大。但是,这个说法在20世纪50年代之前的确是真的,因为当时生产的电视机会放射出大量危险级别的辐射 — 比安全放射量高出10万倍。

如果听妈妈的话,你或许会觉得吃胡萝卜会带给你鹰眼般的超能力。事实是,胡萝卜含有能帮助你的身体更好地吸收维他命A的β-胡萝卜素,它们确实滋养了你的眼睛。但其实许多食物都含有β-胡萝卜素,而且维他命A只会让你的眼睛更健康,而不是真的让你变成鹰眼。

野生动物学家L. David Mech曾经在观察野狼的基础上出过一本书。书中他提到每一支狼小队都由一两只“头狼”引导着。这一说法随着这本书的大卖火了。但事实上,Mech观察到的只是带着它们成年子女的狼父母而已,所以我们所知道的“头狼”的概念是错误的。意识到自己错误的Mech曾试图阻止该书再版,甚至写了一篇论文纠错。

许多人以为仰卧起坐可以燃烧肚子上的脂肪,实际上,它们只是锻炼了腹肌而已。如果想要减脂的话,你得将锻炼和健康饮食搭配着来。而且没有办法让肚子上的脂肪比身体其他部位的先减掉。

《圣经》并没有提到亚当和夏娃偷吃的禁果是苹果。《创世纪》中提到这个水果是从一棵树上采下来的,但没有说这是一个什么果、什么树。苹果是12世纪左右才加到故事里来的,可能因为拉丁文双关语“malus”同时有“苹果”和“邪恶”的意思。

关于旅鼠自杀的神秘传说来源于20世纪50年代迪士尼拍摄的一部自然纪录片《白色旷野》。影片拍摄者们伪造了现场,据说他们把旅鼠扔下了悬崖让画面看起来像是旅鼠自主结束了生命。(Chinadaily.com.cn)

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