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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen
Mexico: Live it to believe it
    2017-October-9  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

James Baquet

I have only traveled in a few of the world’s countries, and for some of those I have barely scratched the surface.

Mexico is one of those. Although I have only traveled in the peninsula of Baja California (south of my home state in the United States), I feel I know the culture well.

That’s because I grew up in the shadow of one of the missions planted by the Spanish in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. As a result of this, there was a large, established Mexican-American population. Nearby cities had names like San Gabriel, Alhambra, El Monte, La Puente — and of course, Los Angeles.

I grew up speaking a little Spanish (to gain admittance past my friends’ grandmothers when I went over to play), and 70 percent of the students in my high school had Spanish surnames.

To this day, Mexican food tastes like home to me.

Some of the bare facts are these: Like the United States, Mexico stretches from the Atlantic to the Pacific. The United States is to its north, and Guatemala and Belize to its southeast. It is “neither fish nor fowl.” Geographically it’s in North America, but culturally in Latin America — so it has more in common with South America than North, including the use of the Spanish language and the influence of Spanish colonialism.

Mexico has the world’s 11th largest population, and is the 13th largest in area. It has 31 states plus the capital region of Mexico City. In the central and southern portion lie the remains of pre-Columbian empires — including the Maya, Aztec, Olmec and Toltec — whose descendants still practice many of the traditional ways of those peoples. It has more UNESCO World Heritage Sites than any other country in the Americas, and ranks seventh in the world. In 2016 it was the world’s eighth most-visited country.

Despite its third-world image, the World Bank deems Mexico an upper-middle income country. It’s predicted that by 2050, Mexico’s economy — which is tied strongly to that of its northern neighbor, the United States — may become the fifth largest in the world. It has been called an emerging global power.

Vocabulary:

Which word above means:

1. simple, not elaborate

2. designation for underdeveloped countries

3. nearby, under the influence of

4. coming out, developing

5. not one or the other

6. had very little experience (of)

7. almost not, hardly

8. the same (as)

9. considers

10. established, founded

 

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