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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen
A drink helps you speak a foreign language more naturally
    2017-October-31  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

Take a quick tipple and you could find yourself speaking a second tongue more naturally, according to new research.

The foreign language skills of participants in the study were found to be improved after a drink of alcohol, which suggests the way booze can put us at ease outweighs the negative effects on our brain — at least for the first drink, anyway.

“Our study shows that acute alcohol consumption may have beneficial effects on the pronunciation of a foreign language in people who recently learned that language,” says one of the team, Inge Kersbergen from the University of Liverpool in the United Kingdom.

The study involved 50 native German speakers learning Dutch at a Dutch university, who had recently learned to speak, read and write in the new language.

Based on random selections, participants were either given alcohol or water as a control beverage. The amount of alcohol varied based on body size, but was the equivalent of just under a pint (460 milliliters) of 5 percent beer for a 70kg male.

They then chatted to a researcher for five minutes, before an audio recording was assessed by two native Dutch speakers who weren’t told whether alcohol had been consumed or not. The participants were also asked to rate their own Dutch language skills over the course of the chat.

While the alcohol didn’t affect how the students rated themselves, those people who had been given the alcoholic drink were given better ratings by the observers, especially for their pronunciation.

Alcohol has a detrimental effect on our brain’s executive functioning, including our memory, our attention and our inhibitions. A lot of these functions are important for speaking a non-native language. At the same time, booze also improves confidence and reduces social anxiety, which is also helpful when you’re trying to talk in another tongue, especially if you’ve only just learned it.

“One possible mechanism could be the anxiety-reducing effect of alcohol,” says one of the researchers, Jessica Werthmann from Maastricht University in the Netherlands. “But more research is needed to test this.”Words to Learn

相关词汇

【有害的】yǒuhài de detrimental causing detriment, as loss or injury, damaging, harmful.

【酒】jǐu booze an alcoholic beverage or liquor

喝点小酒 外语更溜

一项新的研究显示,一杯酒下肚以后,你的外语会说得更加流利。研究发现,实验对象在喝下酒精饮料后,外语能力得到提高,这表明酒精令人身心放松的程度超过其对大脑产生的负面影响 — 至少喝完第一杯酒以后是这样的。

英国利物浦大学的英奇•克斯伯根博士是该研究团队的成员,他表示:“我们的研究表明,快速喝下酒精饮料可能对初学外语的人在发音上有所帮助。”

这项研究招募了50名在荷兰大学学习荷兰语的德国人,他们都是最近才学习荷兰语的听说读写的。

研究人员随机发给实验对象酒精饮料或作为对照实验的水。酒精饮料的量根据个人体型而异,相当于一名体重70公斤的男性要喝下460毫升酒精浓度为5%的啤酒。

随后,他们与一名研究人员进行五分钟的闲聊,谈话录音交由两位荷兰人评估,评委不清楚录音中的学生是否喝了啤酒。研究人员还要求参与者对聊天过程中自己的荷兰语水平做出评价。

虽然酒精没有影响学生的自我评

价,但评委却认为,喝过啤酒的实验者的荷兰语更好,尤其是发音更标准。

酒精会对大脑的执行能力产生负面影响,比如我们的记忆力、注意力和控制力。而这其中有很多功能对于讲外语来说十分重要。同时,酒精还可以提升饮酒者的自信,缓解社交焦虑。当你试着讲另外一种语言时,这是有帮助的,特别是如果你只是初学者。

来自荷兰马斯特里赫特大学的研究人员杰西卡•威尔斯曼称:“这其中的原理可能是酒精降低了饮酒者的焦虑感。但我们需要进行更多研究来证实这一点。”

(Chinadaily.com.cn)

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