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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen
‘Brasil — sensational!’
    2017-November-6  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

James Baquet

The country which in English is spelled “Brazil” with a “z” spells its own name with an “s”— hence their slogan is “Brasil — sensational!”

The name likely comes from a species of tree, the brazilwood, called in Portuguese pau-brasil. The base word is the Latin brasa, meaning “ember,” for the wood’s red color. It once lined the Brazilian coast, and was highly prized for its use as a dye. Though the official Portuguese name for the country was “Land of the Holy Cross,” the popular name “Land of Brazil (wood)” is the one that stuck.

Brazil is located on the east coast of South America, and borders on numerous countries. Moving clockwise from Uruguay on the south, it also touches Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana. In fact, the only South American countries it doesn’t touch are Chile and Ecuador.

This may be because, covering 47.3 percent of the continent, Brazil is the largest country in South America — in fact, in all of Latin America. It is the fifth-largest country in the world, behind Russia, Canada, China and the United States. It is also the largest country, and the only one in the western hemisphere, to have Portuguese as its official language.

It also has the world’s fifth (or sixth) largest population, after China, India, the United States and Indonesia, though in some listings it ranks behind Pakistan.

Its two largest cities, Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, are also arguably its best known; Brasilia, though only No. 5, is the capital, and may soon be connected to Sao Paulo by high-speed rail.

Perhaps its most famous feature, however, is the Amazon River Basin and its rainforest. The delta of the world’s second-longest river (after Africa’s Nile, though some experts argue that the Amazon is longer) is on the Atlantic Ocean in Brazil’s northeast.

That rainforest, also called “Amazonia,” covers most of the river basin, and includes parts of nine countries, though 60 percent of it lies within Brazil’s borders. It includes an amazing range of plants and wildlife.

Vocabulary:

Which word above means:

1. glowing piece of burning material, as wood after a fire

2. valued; held in high regard

3. continued to be used

4. area surrounded by higher land

5. called; referred to as

6. area where a river meets a sea

7. material used for coloring things

8. ran along the edge of

9. able to be supported by evidence

10. region from Mexico south

 

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