-
Advertorial
-
FOCUS
-
Guide
-
Lifestyle
-
Tech and Vogue
-
TechandScience
-
CHTF Special
-
Nanhan
-
Futian Today
-
Hit Bravo
-
Special Report
-
Junior Journalist Program
-
World Economy
-
Opinion
-
Diversions
-
Hotels
-
Movies
-
People
-
Person of the week
-
Weekend
-
Photo Highlights
-
Currency Focus
-
Kaleidoscope
-
Tech and Science
-
News Picks
-
Yes Teens
-
Fun
-
Budding Writers
-
Campus
-
Glamour
-
News
-
Digital Paper
-
Food drink
-
Majors_Forum
-
Speak Shenzhen
-
Business_Markets
-
Shopping
-
Travel
-
Restaurants
-
Hotels
-
Investment
-
Yearend Review
-
In depth
-
Leisure Highlights
-
Sports
-
World
-
QINGDAO TODAY
-
Entertainment
-
Business
-
Markets
-
Culture
-
China
-
Shenzhen
-
Important news
在线翻译:
szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen
Eritrea
    2017-November-7  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

James Baquet

The country of Eritrea is a complex subject to write about.

Take this, for example: As readers know, I usually subtitle these articles with a national nickname, travel slogan or motto. I can find no agreed-upon saying for Eritrea. Most slogans are tied to factions which do not represent the nation as a whole.

This may be because, although Eritrea is an ancient land, it dates back only to 1890 as a cohesive state, a colony of Italy (which named it for the Red Sea, erythra thalassa in Greek) and as an independent nation only since 1993 — though its independence is still contested by its neighbor and former federation partner, Ethiopia.

It may also be because the peoples of Eritrea are divided into nine recognized ethnic groups, one of which, the Tigrinya, makes up the majority at 55 percent of the population, followed by the Tigre at 30 percent, and then seven others in single digits.

As for its lack of a tourism slogan, tourism today accounts for around 1 percent of Eritrea’s GDP. Although the government has instituted an ambitious 20-year plan to boost visits, the program is hampered by drought and political instability.

On the other hand, a journalist visiting in 2008 said that going to Eritrea was a “step back in time,” and described traveling up a mountain in a 1938 steam train that was built by the Italians when they held the country as a colony from 1890 to 1947. Fashions, too, reflect those days. In addition to tribal wear, men may be seen in Fedora hats and antique-looking Italian sunglasses. Some of the architecture, he wrote, was 1930s Art Deco.

But the country’s preservation, he also observed, was due more to the presence of conflict and the resultant isolation, than it was due to any concerted plan for heritage preservation.

Eritrea is bordered by Sudan to the west, Ethiopia to the south and Djibouti to the southeast. To the east lies the aforementioned Red Sea. It was once part, along with northern Ethiopia, of the ancient Kingdom of Aksum. From ancient times until today, most of the people have followed Christianity or Islam.

Once free of Italy, Eritrea and Ethiopia formed a federation. Full independence followed a war with Ethiopia in 1993.

Vocabulary:

Which word above means:

1. scarcely sufficient

2. working hard to be successful

3. consented to, settled on

4. following as a consequence of

5. organized, planned

6. started, began

7. numbers

8. held back, slowed down

9. period of little rainfall

10. parties, cliques

深圳报业集团版权所有, 未经授权禁止复制; Copyright 2010, All Rights Reserved.
Shenzhen Daily E-mail:szdaily@szszd.com.cn