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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen
Those attractive ‘less likely to get low-paid jobs’
    2017-November-9  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

Being attractive tends to pay off. Studies suggest that good-looking people are more likely to get hired, promoted and elected to public office.

But new research found that attractive people may not always be better off.

Study co-author Margaret Lee, a doctoral candidate at London School of Business, said, “Our research suggests that attractive people may be discriminated against in selection for relatively less desirable jobs.”

Researchers carried out four experiments involving more than 750 participants, including university students and managers who make hiring decisions in the real world. Participants were shown profiles of two potential job candidates that included photos, one attractive and one unattractive. Participants were then asked a series of questions designed to measure their perceptions of the job candidates and whether they would hire these candidates for a less-than-desirable job.

The less desirable jobs included roles like a warehouse worker, housekeeper or customer service representative, and the more desirable jobs included positions like a manager, project director or IT internship. In all experiments where they were asked, participants were significantly less likely to hire the attractive candidate for the less desirable job and more likely to hire the attractive candidate for the more desirable job.

Lee said, “In the selection decision for an undesirable job, decision makers were more likely to choose the unattractive individual over the attractive individual. We found this effect to occur even with hiring managers.”

Co-author Madan Pillutla said, “It is interesting decision makers take into consideration others’ assumed aspirations in their decisions.

“Because participants thought that attractive individuals would want better outcomes, and therefore participants predicted that attractive individuals would be less satisfied, they reversed their discrimination pattern and favored unattractive candidates when selecting for a less desirable job.”

The research suggests the established view that attractive candidates are favored when applying for jobs might be limited to high-level jobs that were the predominant focus of past research.

Words to Learn 相关词汇

【歧视】qíshì discriminate single out a particular person, group, etc., for special favor or disfavor

【不受欢迎的】bùshòu huānyíng de undesirable not wanted

美貌有诸多好处。研究显示颜值高的人更容易找工作、获得提拔、成功竞选公职。

但有新研究显示漂亮的人也不总是日子好过。

该研究的共同作者、伦敦商学院的博士生玛格丽特•李说:“我们的研究表明,颜值高的人在申请相对不太理想的工作时可能会受歧视。”

研究人员对750多名参与者进行了四组实验,实验对象里有真正的大学生和招聘经理。研究人员给参与者展示两份求职者的资料,其中包括照片,其中一张长相出众,而另一张则其貌不扬。随后,研究人员向参与者提出一系列问题,来衡量他们对于求职者的看法,以及他们是否会聘用这些求职者来做一份不太理想的工作。

不理想的工作包括仓库工人、管家、客服代表,理想的工作包括经理、项目经理、IT实习生等。在所有实验中,参与者都明显更不愿雇佣颜值高的求职者从事不太理想的工作,而更愿意雇佣他们从事更理想的工作。

“在不太理想的职位选择决策中,决策者更倾向于选择外貌平平的人而不是颜值高的人。我们发现,就连招聘经理也会受此影响。”

该研究论文的共同作者梅丹•佩鲁特称:“有趣的是,那些做决定的人揣测他们的想法并据此作出决定。”

“因为参与者认为,颜值高的人会追求更好的结果,因此他们预测,颜值高的人会感到不满意,他们改变了歧视模式,在招聘不太理想的职位时青睐长相普通的求职者。”

这项研究表明,过去认为有吸引力的人在求职时更受青睐这一观点可能仅适用于高级别的工作,因为通常研究对象都是这类工作。

(Chinadaily.com.cn)

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