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szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen
Dictionary.com picks word of the year: ‘complicit’
    2017-December-5  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

Dictionary.com2017年度词汇:“同谋”

Russian election influence, ever-widening sexual harassment scandals, mass shootings and the opioid epidemic helped elevate the word “complicit” as the Dictionary.com word of the year for 2017.

Inquiries of the word increased nearly 300 percent over the last year, lexicographer Jane Solomon said.

“This year a conversation that keeps on surfacing is what exactly it means to be complicit,” she said. “Complicit has sprung up in conversations about those who speak out against powerful figures in institutions, and those who stay silent.”

The first of three major spikes for the word struck March 12, the day after “Saturday Night Live” aired a sketch starring Scarlett Johansson as Ivanka Trump in a glittery gold dress peddling a fragrance called “Complicit” because, “She’s beautiful, she’s powerful, she’s complicit.”

The bump was followed by another April 5 also related to Ivanka, Solomon said. It was the day after she appeared on “CBS This Morning” and told Gayle King, among other things: “I don’t know what it means to be complicit.” It was unclear if Ivanka was deflecting or whether the economics graduate of the University of Pennsylvania’s Wharton School of Business really didn’t know.

Another major spike occurred Oct. 24, the day the Arizona Republican Jeff Flake announced from the Senate floor that he would not seek re-election, harshly criticized Donald Trump and urged other members of the party not to stand silently with the president. “I have children and grandchildren to answer to, and so, Mr. President, I will not be complicit,” Flake said.

Solomon said several other major events had contributed to interest in the word. They include the rise of the opioid epidemic and how it came to pass, along with the acknowledgement of sexual harassment and assault allegations against an ever-growing list of powerful men, including the film mogul Harvey Weinstein.

The scandal that started in Hollywood and quickly spread across industries has led to a mountain of questions over who knew what, who might have contributed and what it means to stay silent.Words to Learn

相关词汇

【同谋】tóngmóu

complicit involved with others in reprehensible or illegal activity

【转移视线】

zhuǎnyí shìxiàn

deflect draw someone’s attention away from something

俄罗斯对美国大选的影响、性骚扰丑闻的持续扩大、大规模枪击事件、鸦片类药物滥用让“complicit(同谋)”一词成为了词典网站Dictionary.com的2017年度词汇。

词典编纂人简•所罗门说,“同谋”的查询量增加了近300%。

“今年不断有人谈论,complicit这个词的真正含义是什么,”所罗门说,“那些站出来抗议机构大人物的人,那些保持沉默的人,他们的谈话中都会出现complicit这个词。”

“同谋”一词有三个查询高峰,第一次是在3月12日,在前一天播出的《周末夜现场》中播放了斯嘉丽•约翰逊表演的一个小品。约翰逊饰演的伊凡卡•特朗普穿着一身金光闪闪的裙子给一款“同谋”牌香水做广告:“她很美,她很强大,她是同谋。”

所罗门说,第二个查询高峰是在4月5日,也和伊万卡有关。前一天伊万卡在《CBS今晨》节目中告诉主持人金恩说:“我不知道complicit是什么意思。”至于伊凡卡是在回避抑或是她真的不知道就不得而知了。伊万卡可是宾夕法尼亚大学沃顿商学院经济学专业的毕业生。

第三个查询高峰出现在10月24日,亚利桑那州的共和党人杰夫•弗莱克当日在参议院宣布他不会再竞选参议员,同时他严厉地批评了特朗普总统,并恳求其他共和党人不要选择沉默地跟随特朗普。

弗莱克说:“我还要面对我的孩子和孙辈,所以,总统先生,我不当你的同谋。”

所罗门说,还有其他几件大事都增加了人们对“同谋”一词的关注度,包括鸦片类药物滥用的上升及其原因,电影大亨哈

维•温斯坦性骚扰丑闻的持续扩大,被指控性骚扰和性侵的大人物不断增加。

这一丑闻从好莱坞开始,迅速波及其他行业,引发一连串问题:谁知道什么真相,谁能提供更多内情,保持沉默意味着什么。

(Chinadaily.com.cn)

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