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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen
Colombia is magical realism
    2017-December-18  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

James Baquet

We’ve often seen that Christopher Columbus bestowed names on various islands around the Caribbean. But this one is different: it’s a mainland South American country named after Columbus, not by him.

The name was originally coined by Venezuelan revolutionary Francisco de Miranda (1750-1816) as a reference to his dream of an empire that embraced all of the “New World” that Columbus “discovered,” and especially those parts ruled by Spain and Portugal. Instead, a form of the name of cartographer Amerigo Vespucci — “America” — came to be the standard designation for the region.

Though Miranda’s dream never materialized, the name was chosen in 1819 when what is now Colombia, Panama, Venezuela, Ecuador, and parts of Peru, Guyana and Brazil joined into a republic called “Gran Colombia.” Through various permutations it came to be called the Republic of New Granada, then the Granadine Confederation, until it became the United States of Colombia in 1863, and today’s Republic of Colombia in 1886.

Colombia sits on the northwest coast of South America, with Venezuela to the east, Brazil to the southeast, and Peru and Ecuador to the southwest. It also anchors the southeast end of Panama, the gateway to Central America and points north.

Having discussed the country’s name in detail, let’s talk about that tourism slogan: “Colombia is magical realism.” Magical realism is a genre of narrative fiction — though it can also be applied to other arts such as painting and film — that, while essentially realistic, may suddenly veer into the supernatural or otherwise fantastic, before returning to the mundane baseline.

It is often associated with Latin American literature in Spanish, particularly writers such as Gabriel Garcia Marquez of — not surprisingly — Colombia, and Jorge Luis Borges of Argentina, as well as Isabel Allende of Chile. Magical realism has taken root in other literatures as well, notably the English stories of Salman Rushdie.

One could argue that the genre pays homage to the indigenous cultures of South America via the “magic” components laced through the realism of the now-dominant Westernized culture.

Vocabulary:

Which word above means:

1. short stories, novels, etc.

2. ordinary, everyday

3. tribute, honor

4. threaded, woven

5. grown in a certain environment

6. parts, elements

7. changes

8. category (of art)

9. change direction

10. person who makes maps

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