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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Markets
Carbon trade market involves only utilities
    2017-December-21  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

CHINA has unveiled its plan for a national carbon market, creating the world’s biggest trading system for the climate-warming emissions.

The market will initially involve only the power sector, National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) Vice Chairman Zhang Yong said Tuesday.

While that’s a pullback from a previous plan to include eight industries, China’s market will still be bigger than the European Union’s system, encompassing 1,700 firms and about 3 billion tons of emissions.

Zhang didn’t give details on when trading will start.

China wants to use a market-based system to help it cap emissions by about 2030. The nation is also making big bets on clean energy projects to help reach its goal of deriving 20 percent of its energy from sources other than fossil fuels by that year.

China will adopt a cap-and-trade rule in which the biggest corporate polluters purchase credits from those that don’t emit as much, and companies are encouraged to reduce their emissions so they can sell unused points. Companies that emit more than 26,000 tons of carbon annually will be included in the market, though that threshold might be lowered at some point.

The nation is pressing ahead with a trading plan as similar strategies in the European Union and elsewhere have struggled. The EU was the first to require carbon permits in 2005, only to see the price plunge in part because participating nations handed out too many allowances for free.

Australia repealed its carbon tax in 2014 and scrapped plans for permit trading after the measures were blamed for destroying jobs. But carbon markets in various forms are in place in California, New Zealand and South Korea, where they’re attempting to learn from others’ mistakes.

China has been running pilot programs since 2013 in some regions, where transaction values totaled 4.5 billion yuan (US$680 million) as of September, Li Gao, an official of the climate change department at the NDRC, said at a briefing in October. The agency said Tuesday that companies that qualify for the national system will stop participating in the pilot projects.

The carbon market is expected to be fully functional by 2020, according to almost half of 260 industry participants in a survey by China Carbon Forum, ICF International Inc. and SinoCarbon Innovation & Investment Co. between March and July. Forty-four percent anticipate that will happen between 2021 and 2025. (SD-Agencies)

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