-
Advertorial
-
FOCUS
-
Guide
-
Lifestyle
-
Tech and Vogue
-
TechandScience
-
CHTF Special
-
Nanhan
-
Futian Today
-
Hit Bravo
-
Special Report
-
Junior Journalist Program
-
World Economy
-
Opinion
-
Diversions
-
Hotels
-
Movies
-
People
-
Person of the week
-
Weekend
-
Photo Highlights
-
Currency Focus
-
Kaleidoscope
-
Tech and Science
-
News Picks
-
Yes Teens
-
Fun
-
Budding Writers
-
Campus
-
Glamour
-
News
-
Digital Paper
-
Food drink
-
Majors_Forum
-
Speak Shenzhen
-
Business_Markets
-
Shopping
-
Travel
-
Restaurants
-
Hotels
-
Investment
-
Yearend Review
-
In depth
-
Leisure Highlights
-
Sports
-
World
-
QINGDAO TODAY
-
Entertainment
-
Business
-
Markets
-
Culture
-
China
-
Shenzhen
-
Important news
在线翻译:
szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen
Laos: simply beautiful
    2017-December-25  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

James Baquet

Laos is a long, narrow, north-to-south country in the center of the Indochinese peninsula. Indeed, it is the only landlocked country in Southeast Asia. China is to the north, Vietnam all along the eastern side, Cambodia to the south, Thailand to the west, and Myanmar to the northwest. The capital Vientiane sits on the Thai border.

For the better part of four centuries, from 1354 to 1707, Laos had the picturesque name Lan Xang Hom Khao: The Kingdom of a Million Elephants Under the White Parasol. Both the elephant and the parasol are symbols of royalty, not coincidentally also used to symbolize the Buddha. It was one of Southeast Asia’s largest kingdoms, and its central location made it a hub for overland trade, compensating for its lack of a seaport.

That kingdom broke up into three smaller ones, until it was reunited as a protectorate of France. It was occupied by the Japanese during World War II, came briefly under France’s sway from 1945 to 1949, became autonomous, and then gained independence in 1953. It was, at first, a constitutional monarchy, but has been a communist republic since 1975.

The country is multi-ethnic, with about 86 different languages. However, the Lao people dominate accounting for approximately 53 percent of the population. Thus, Lao (or Laotian), the official language, serves as a lingua franca. The Lao people live in the lowlands; the remaining population is constituted mainly of mountain peoples, including the well-known Hmong. About two-thirds of the people of Laos are Buddhists; most of the remainder follow the Laotian form of the folk beliefs of the Tai people, a large linguistic group that includes China’s Dai ethnic minority, as well as the Thai people and others across Southeast Asia.

Laos has been following an ambitious economic strategy that includes generating and exporting hydroelectric power to China, Thailand and Vietnam, as well as linking to those countries through the construction of four new railways. Its annual GDP growth has averaged 7 percent over the past decade.

Vocabulary:

Which word above means:

1. governing itself

. offsetting, making up for

3. a simple kind of religion

4. weaker state protected by a stronger one

5. joining, connecting

6. beautiful to look at (or hear)

7. umbrella to protect against the sun

8. center of activity

9. power, dominion, rule

10. prefix meaning “many”

 

深圳报业集团版权所有, 未经授权禁止复制; Copyright 2010, All Rights Reserved.
Shenzhen Daily E-mail:szdaily@szszd.com.cn