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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen
Nicaragua: unique... original!
    2017-December-26  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

James Baquet

Nicaragua is unusually, but not uniquely, situated. Like its neighbors to the south — Costa Rica and, further down, Panama — it’s located on the Central American isthmus. The Atlantic Ocean is on the east and the Pacific on the west, and there’s only one country on either end: in Nicaragua’s case, Honduras to the north and Costa Rica, as mentioned, to the south. Technically, the United States is between the two oceans, with Canada and Mexico to north and south; but its breadth makes this less striking.

As in most of the countries in Latin America, the national language of Nicaragua is Spanish. But — also akin to many of its neighbors — Nicaragua uses a number of local, native languages, including Miskito, Rama, Sumu, Garifuna, and a number of Creoles. English is also widely spoken, partly due to former colonization by England, and partly due to the presence of the descendants of people who escaped slavery from the bonds of English-speaking “owners.”

Like many countries in the region, Nicaragua has a complicated history. It starts with a long, unrecorded period before European contact; then colonization by Spain, independence, a period influenced by the interference of the United States, a long-held dictatorship, inner turmoil and revolution, and at last, a tenuous peace with regular elections.

The current president, Daniel Ortega, is in his third consecutive term (fourth overall). Although the most recent election is disputed, Ortega maintains wide popularity due to the alleviation of gang violence and poverty under his administration.

Nicaraguans were traditionally Roman Catholic, though Protestants have also long been present through the settlement of English and German colonists. Today, the country is nearly 60 percent Roman Catholic and about a quarter Protestant (mainly Anglican and Moravian).

Managua, Nicaragua’s capital, is the largest city in the country, and the third-largest in Central America. Nearly 60 percent of the country’s population is urbanized. About one in six Nicaraguans have emigrated to the United States or Costa Rica.

Vocabulary:

Which word above means:

1. chains, fetters (may be figurative)

2. related (to), similar (to)

3. meddling, intrusion into another’s affairs

4. disagreed on

5. living in cities

6. relief, lightening

7. unstable, shaky

8. moved out (of)

9. wideness, extent side-to-side

10. in a way unlike any other

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