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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen
Narcissists can be psychologically healthier
    2018-January-4  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

Five studies, published in 2004 in the journal Personality Processes and Individual Differences, looked at some benefits of narcissism. Hundreds of people participated. Results showed that narcissists tended to be less depressed, lonely, anxious and neurotic, and reported greater well-being than people who scored low on narcissism.

The study authors wrote, “High narcissists may be socially callous, but that is no reason for them not to be psychologically healthy. To use a far-fetched metaphor, the mind of a narcissist is like a sports utility vehicle. It is great to be in the driving seat, but fellow motorists must watch out, lest a collision with this mobile fortress demolish their more humble hatchbacks.”

A 2010 study published in the journal Personality and Individual Differences found that female college students who scored moderately high on a measure of narcissism were less worried about the way their bodies looked during exercise.

The takeaway from a 2012 study, published in the journal Social Psychological and Personality Science, is that narcissism is more beneficial for younger people.

For the study, 368 college students and 439 of their family members filled out surveys on narcissism, life satisfaction and personality traits. “Our findings suggest that the link between narcissism and life satisfaction is greater for adolescents and young adults than for adults,” the authors wrote.

Specifically, participants who were younger than 26 who displayed certain types of narcissism reported higher life satisfaction and well-being.

That said, the study also found narcissists of all ages were generally perceived more negatively by others.

Narcissists tend to make great first impressions, but those positive impressions deteriorate quickly.

Two studies published 1998, in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, found that narcissistic college students were at first perceived as agreeable and well-adjusted by their peers.

Interestingly, after a few weeks, those perceptions became more negative: Narcissists were perceived as less agreeable and well-adjusted, and more hostile and arrogant than other students.

Words to Learn 相关词汇

【自恋】zìliàn narcissism inordinate fascination with oneself, excessive self-love

【牵强的】qiānqiǎng de far-fetched not easily or naturally deduced or introduced

2004年,《性格养成与个性差异》刊登了五项有关自恋的益处的研究,有数百人参与其中。

结果显示,自恋者往往更不容易抑郁、孤单、焦虑、神经质,他们的幸福感比不自恋的人更强烈。

研究作者写道:“高度自恋的人可能冷酷无情,但是他们不会心理不健康。打个牵强的比喻,自恋者的心理就像是一辆运动型多用途汽车(SUV),坐在驾驶座上的感觉很好。但其他司机必须要小心避免和这座移动堡垒发生碰撞,毁掉自己更加低调的小掀背车。”

2010年刊登在《性格与个体差异》上的一项研究发现:在锻炼时,稍微自恋一点的女大学生更不担心自己的身材看起来如何。

《社会心理与性格科学》上一项2012年的研究发现,自恋对年轻人更有益。

在该研究中,368名大学生和他们的439名家庭成员填写了一份关于自恋、生活满意度、性格特质的问卷。研究作者称:“结果显示,相比于成年人,在青少年和年轻群体中,自恋和生活满意度的关系更大。”

特别是在26岁以下的受访者中,自恋者的生活满意度和幸福感都更高。

然而,研究也发现,无论处于哪个年龄段,自恋者得到的他人反馈都更负面。

自恋者容易给人留下良好的第一印象,但这种好印象很快就会褪去。

1998年《个性与社会心理学期刊》刊登的两项研究发现,自恋的大学生给同龄人留下的第一印象是和蔼可亲、适应性强。

但有趣的是,几周过后这种好印象就变差了:相比于其他人,自恋者给人留下的印象变得更不好相处,适应性更差,更不友善、傲慢。

(Chinadaily.com.cn)

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