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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Markets
New rules issued to tighten bond trade
    2018-January-8  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

CHINA issued new rules tightening bond trading regulations last week, with a focus on restricting leverage and banning under-the-table deals.

The regulations, jointly issued by the People’s Bank of China and China’s banking, securities and insurance regulators, come as the government launches a series of co-ordinated initiatives across government agencies designed to reduce leverage in the financial system.

Under the new rules, published on the central bank’s website late Thursday, institutions must sign written deals when conducting bond repurchase or bond forward transactions. Any deals designed to dodge regulatory requirements are to be banned.

The rules order financial institutions to report financial data to regulators if their outstanding repurchase agreements, known as repos, and reverse repo volumes exceed a certain limit.

The document posted on the central bank’s website did not include a specific date but carried the year 2017.

China is escalating a campaign to reduce excessive leverage in the banking system that threatens financial stability.

In November, the government formally set up its State Council Financial Stability and Development Committee to strengthen financial supervision. In the same month, the central bank drafted sweeping rules to tighten supervision of the country’s US$9 trillion asset management industry to curb shadow banking.

Yields of China’s benchmark 10-year government bonds climbed steadily in 2017, and Thursday hovered around the highest level in three years, at 3.94 percent.

By publishing the rules, regulators are seeking to avoid a repeat of the US$2.4 billion bond scandal involving brokerage Sealand Securities in late 2016, which triggered panic across the country’s financial markets.

Although Sealand Securities blamed “forged” bond agreements, analysts largely pointed to a popular practice called “daichi,” which is Chinese for “pledged financing” and works in a similar manner to repo agreements, although such transactions are made through informal, oral agreements.

The new rules would effectively terminate the practice, which traders have used to keep increased leverage off the regulatory radar. They would also restrict leverage by setting a cap on repo or reserve transactions, tools which help some institutions channel short-term borrowings into longer-term assets for profit. (SD-Agencies)

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