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在线翻译:
szdaily -> Speak Shenzhen
Bolivia awaits you
    2018-January-30  08:53    Shenzhen Daily

James Baquet

The South American country of Bolivia is, with Paraguay, one of only two landlocked countries on that continent. Over a quarter of its territory runs between two subchains of the Andes Mountains, and lies over 3,000 meters above sea level. A further eighth or so is designated “Sub-Andean,” which features a temperate climate and considerable agriculture. The final region of Bolivia is the largest. The mostly-flat Llanos (“Plains” or “Lowlands”) in the northeast covers nearly 60 percent of the country, and is home to extensive rain forests and enormous biodiversity. The Llanos lies below 400 meters.

Bolivia’s neighbors include Brazil (to the north and east), Paraguay (to the southeast), Argentina (south), Chile (southwest) and Peru (west). On the Peruvian border, due west of the capital city of La Paz (“Peace”), lies the humorously-named (to English speakers’ ears) Lake Titicaca, the world’s highest commercially navigable lake at 3,812 meters. La Paz itself is at 3,640 meters, making it the world’s highest national capital.

Just as Colombia is named after the “hero” Columbus, Bolivia is named after Simon Bolivar. The differences between the two men can be summed up thus: Columbus and his followers subjugated whole peoples in order to gain wealth; Bolivar was an emancipator. He helped establish Venezuela, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Panama as independent of Spain, gaining him the nickname El Libertador, “The Liberator.”

Formerly part of the empire of the enormously powerful Inca, Bolivia still marks 36 native languages as official — including Guarani, Aymara and Quechua — in addition to the dominant Spanish. While only 20 percent of the people are indigenous, 70 percent are mestizos (a mixture of native and European). Only 6 percent are white, and 1 percent black.

Despite its mineral wealth, Bolivia today is considered a developing country, and is the poorest in South America. It ranks in the middle of the Human Development Index, and its poverty level is 53 percent. Aside from mining, mainstays of the economy include agriculture, forestry, fisheries and manufacturing.

Vocabulary:

Which words above mean:

1. wide, covering a large area

2. conquered, enslaved

3. chief parts

4, 5. one who sets people free (two answers)

6. said in a few words

7. moderate, comfortable

8. a lot of

9. directly

10. metal ores such as silver and tin

 

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